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Why is blood pressure measurement so important?

The measurement of an animal’s blood pressure (BP) has a wide range of indications. BP measurement is clinically significant in (early) diagnosis of a variety of diseases (particularly hypertension), in pain management, monitoring of ICU patients and during anesthesia and also when certain medications are being used. BP measurement therefore needs to be an integral part of EVERY veterinary practice and should routinely be used.

Blood Pressure must be maintained a certain level to perfuse tissues, thereby ensuring:

  • Nutrient supply to organs and tissues
  • Exchange and excretion of metabolic waste products
  • Tissue oxygenation

However, the blood pressure must not be too high, since high pressure in the arteries damages them and/or causes the heart to work too hard pumping blood against the pressure which is higher than normal.

Routine Screening

  • General health check-ups
  • Geriatric screening programs
  • Non specific symptoms
  • Vaccination appointments
  • Diseases accompanied by hemodynamic changes, especially renal disease, hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, hyperadrenocorticism, and heart disease.

Emergency Medicine

Shock

Trauma

Pericardial effusion

Poisoning

Addisonian crisis

Intensive Care Monitoring

Postoperative monitoring

Hypertensive crisis

Protracted shock

Treatment Planning and Assessment

Cardiac patients

In all patients treated for hypertension and hypotension

When administering drugs that effect the blood pressure, especially ACE inhibitors, diuretics, calcium

channel blockers, beta blockers, vasodilators, sympathomimetics, sedatives.

Anesthesia Monitoring

Pre-anesthetic examination

Intraoperative monitoring

Postoperative surveillance

Essential Facts of Blood Pressure in Dogs and Cats

 

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